This constitutes Chapter Fifteen of my book, Science and Christianity: Close Partners or Mortal Enemies? (2010, 301 pages).
See other excerpts from the book:
Christianity's Central Role in the Conception and Development of Modern Science: 326 Mini-Biographies (Including 234 since 1500)
Fertile Soil and Roots of Modern Science: 33 Prominent Christians Prior to 1000 A. D. With Empiricist, Proto-Scientific Views
115 Scientific Fields of Study Founded or Extraordinarily Advanced by Christian or Theistic Scientists / 34 Prominent Catholic Priest-Scientists: 1500-1950
* * * * *
John Hedley Brooke, Science and Religion: Some Historical Perspectives (Cambridge, 1991).
John Hedley Brooke & Christopher Southgate, God, Humanity and the Cosmos: A Textbook in Science and Religion (T. & T. Clark Publishers, 2nd ed., 2005).
John Hedley Brooke and Geoffrey Cantor, Reconstructing Nature: The Engagement of Science and Religion (T. & T. Clark, 1998).
Herbert Butterfield, The Origins of Modern Science (Free Press, rev. ed., 1997).
Thomas Cahill, Mysteries of the Middle Ages: The Rise of Feminism, Science, and Art from the Cults of Catholic Europe (Nan A. Talese, 2006).
Heidi Campbell and Heather Looy, editors, A Science and Religion Primer (Baker Academic, 2009).
I. Bernard Cohen, editor, Puritanism and the Rise of Modern Science: The Merton Thesis (Rutgers Univ. Press, 1990).
Marshall Clagett, The Science of Mechanics in the Middle Ages (Univ. of Wisconsin Press, 1959).
Francis S. Collins, Language of God: A Scientist Presents Evidence for Belief (Free Press, 2007).
A. C. Crombie, Medieval and Early Modern Science (2 volumes, Doubleday Anchor, 1959)
A. C. Crombie, Robert Grosseteste and the Origins of Experimental Science 1100-1700, (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1971).
A. C. Crombie, The History of Science From Augustine to Galileo (Dover Pub., 1996).
Richard C. Dales, The Scientific Achievement of the Middle Ages (Univ. of Pennsylvania Press, 1973).
Tihomir Dimitrov, editor, 50 Nobel Laureates and Other Great Scientists Who Believe in God (online book, 2008)
Elaine Howard Ecklund, Science vs. Religion: What Scientists Really Think (Oxford Univ. Press, 2010).
Nancy K. Frankenberry, editor, The Faith of Scientists: In Their Own Words (Princeton Univ. Press, 2008).
Amos Funkenstein, Theology and the Scientific Imagination from the Middle Ages to the Seventeenth Century (Princeton Univ. Press, 1989).
Karl Giberson, Worlds Apart: The Unholy War Between Religion and Science (Beacon Hill Press, 1993).
Michael Allen Gillespie, The Theological Origins of Modernity (Univ. of Chicago Press, 2009).
Thomas F. Glick, Steven Livesey, and Faith Wallis, editors, Medieval Science, Technology, and Medicine: An Encyclopedia (Routledge Encyclopedias of the Middle Ages) (Routledge, 2005).
Edward Grant, The Foundations of Modern Science in the Middle Ages: Their Religious, Institutional and Intellectual Contexts (Cambridge, 1996).
Edward Grant, God and Reason in the Middle Ages (Cambridge, 2001).
Dan Graves, Scientists of Faith: 48 Biographies of Historic Scientists and Their Christian Faith (Kregel Resources, 1996).
Dan Graves, Doctors Who Followed Christ: 32 Biographies of Historic Physicians and Their Christian Faith (Kregel Pub., 1999).
James Hannam, God's Philosophers: How the Medieval World Laid the Foundations of Modern Science (Icon Books, 2010).
Peter Harrison, The Bible, Protestantism, and the Rise of Natural Science (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2001).
R. Hooykaas, Religion and the Rise of Modern Science (Regent College Pub., 2000).
Toby Huff, The Rise of Early Modern Science: Islam, China and the West (Cambridge, 1993).
Charles E. Hummel, The Galileo Connection: Resolving Conflicts Between Science and the Bible (InterVarsity Press, 1986).
J. Wentzel Vrede van Huyssteen, editor, Encyclopedia of Science and Religion [online] (Macmillan: 2nd ed., 2003).
Stanley L. Jaki, Cosmos and Creator (Scottish Academic Press, 1981).
Stanley L. Jaki, Science and Creation (Scottish Academic Press, 1974).
Thomas Kuhn, The Copernican Revolution (New York: Vintage Books / Random House, 1959).
David Lindberg, editor, Science in the Middle Ages (Univ. of Chicago Press, 1978).
David Lindberg, The Beginnings of Western Science (Univ. of Chicago Press, 2nd ed., 2008).
David Lindberg and Robert Westman, editors, Reappraisals of the Scientific Revolution (Cambridge, 1990).
David Lindberg and Ronald Numbers, editors, God and Nature: Historical Essays on the Encounter between Christianity and Science (Univ. of California Press, 1986).
David Lindberg and Ronald Numbers, editors, When Science and Christianity Meet (Univ. of Chicago Press, 2003).
Donald M. MacKay, Science, Chance and Providence (Oxford Univ. Press, 1978).
Donald M. MacKay, Open Mind and Other Essays (InterVaristy Press, 1988).
Alister E. McGrath, Science and Religion: A New Introduction (Wiley-Blackwell, 2nd ed., 2009).
J. P. Moreland, Christianity and the Nature of Science: A Philosophical Investigation (Baker Books, 2nd ed., 1999).
Robert P. Multhof, The Origins of Chemistry (F. Watts, 1967).
Ronald L. Numbers, editor, Galileo Goes to Jail and Other Myths About Science and Religion (Harvard Univ. Press, 2009).
Arthur Peacocke, Creation and the World of Science: The Re-Shaping of Belief (Oxford Univ. Press, 2nd ed., 2004).
John C. Polkinghorne, The Faith of a Physicist (Augsburg Fortress Publishers, 1996).
John C. Polkinghorne, Belief in God in an Age of Science (Yale Univ. Press, 2003).
John C. Polkinghorne, Science and Providence: God's Interaction with the World (Templeton Press, 2005).
John C. Polkinghorne, Quarks, Chaos & Christianity: Questions to Science And Religion (Crossroad Pub. Co., revised ed., 2006).
John C. Polkinghorne, One World: The Interaction of Science and Theology (Templeton Press, 2007).
John C. Polkinghorne, Exploring Reality: The Intertwining of Science and Religion (Yale Univ. Press, 2007).
John C. Polkinghorne, Quantum Physics and Theology: An Unexpected Kinship (Yale Univ. Press, 2008).
John C. Polkinghorne and Nicholas Beale, Questions of Truth: Fifty-one Responses to Questions About God, Science, and Belief (Westminster John Knox, 2009).
John C. Polkinghorne, Theology in the Context of Science (Yale Univ. Press, 2010).
Bernard Ramm, The Christian View of Science and Scripture (Eerdmans Pub. Co., 1978).
Del Ratzsch, Philosophy of Science: the Natural Sciences in Christian Perspective (InterVarsity, 1986).
Jeffrey Burton Russell, Inventing the Flat Earth: Columbus and Modern Historians (Praeger Paperback, 1997).
Samuel Sambursky, The Physical World of Late Antiquity (Princeton Univ. Press, 1988).
Michael H. Shank, editor, The Scientific Enterprise in Antiquity and Middle Ages (Univ. of Chicago Press, 1996).
Rudolf Simek, Heaven and Earth in the Middle Ages: The Physical World Before Columbus (Boydell Press, 1997).
Rodney Stark, For the Glory of God: How Monotheism Led to Reformations, Science, Witch-Hunts, and the End of Slavery (Princeton University Press, 2003).
G. Tanzella-Nitti, A. Strumia and P. Larrey, editors, Interdisciplinary Encyclopedia of Religion and Science (online; updated monthly)
Andrew D. White, A History of the Warfare of Science With Theology in Christendom (New York: George Braziller, 1955; originally 1895).
Alfred North Whitehead, Science and the Modern World (New York: Macmillan, 1925; rep. Free Press, 1997).
Thomas E. Woods Jr., How the Catholic Church Built Western Civilization (Regnery Pub., 2005)
Internet Sources (Articles)
Chris Armstrong, "Christian fathers of the scientific revolution."
Dave Armstrong, Objections to Some Atheist / Agnostic "Proof Texts" of an Alleged Flat-Earth Biblical Cosmology (vs. Ed Babinski).
Dave Armstrong, Dialogue on Biblical Cosmology, Round One (vs. Matthew Green).
Dave Armstrong, Surveys of Current Religious Beliefs of Scientists.
Dave Armstrong, Philosophy of Science and the Impossibility of Epistemological "Neutrality" (Especially Within Materialist or Logical Positivist Presuppositional Frameworks)
Dave Armstrong, Dialogue With an Atheist on the Relationship of Christianity and Metaphysics to the Scientific Method (vs. Sue Strandberg)
Dave Armstrong, Old Habits Die Hard: The Garden Variety Atheist Fairy Tale of "Christianity vs. Science and Reason" Redux (vs. "drunkentune")
Hamidreza Ayatollahy, "The Religious Context of Scientific Development" (PDF).
Roger Bacon, "On Experimental Science" (from the year 1268).
Kenneth A. Boyce, "Do Science and Christianity Conflict?"
John Hedley Brooke, "Science and Religion: Lessons From History?" (Science, Vol. 282, no., 5386, 11 December 1998)
Michael Bumbulis, "Christianity and the Birth of Science."
Cosmos-Liturgy-Sex website, "The Christian Origins of Modern Science."
Donald DeMarco, "The Christian Roots of Modern Science."
John Easton, "Survey on physicians’ religious beliefs shows majority faithful," The University of Chicago Chronicle, 14 July 2005 (Vol. 24, No. 19).
Elaine Howard Ecklund, "How Religious People Misunderstand Scientists," Science + Religion Today website (14 August 2009).
Elaine Howard Ecklund, "How Scientists Misunderstand Religious People," Science + Religion Today website (21 October 2009).
Elaine Howard Ecklund, "What Scientists Think About Religion," Huffington Post, 28 June 2010.
Elaine Howard Ecklund, "Is That a Scientist in the Pew Next to You?," Baker Institute Blog (30 March 2010).
Elaine Howard Ecklund, "Scientists in the Pews," The Washington Post (7 April 2010).
Elaine Howard Ecklund and C. P. Scheitle, "Religion Among Academic Scientists: Distinctions, Disciplines, and Demographics," Social Problems 54: 289–307, (2007).
Elaine Howard Ecklund, Jerry Z. Park, "Predicting Conflict Between Religion and Science Among Academic Scientists," Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 48:2, 276-292 (June 2009).
Elaine Howard Ecklund, Jerry Z. Park, and Phil Todd Veliz, 2008. “Secularization and Religious Change among Elite Scientists: A Cross-Cohort Comparison,” Social Forces, 86(4): 1805-1840.
Robert C. Fay, "Science and Christian Faith: Conflict or Cooperation?"
Greg Grooms, "Science and World View."
N. Gross, S. Simmons, "The Religiosity of American College and University Professors," Sociology of Religion 70:2, 101-129 (June 2009).
Loren Haarsma, "Christianity as a Foundation for Science" (PDF).
Loren Haarsma, "Chance from a Theistic Perspective."
James Hannam, "Christianity and the Rise of Science."
James Hannam, "The Myth of the Flat Earth." ["What can be stated categorically was that a flat Earth was at no time ever an element of Christian doctrine and that no one was ever persecuted or pressured into believing it. . . . all educated people in the Middle Ages were well aware the Earth was a sphere"]
James Hannam, "The Mythical Conflict Between Science and Religion."
James Hannam, "Copernicus and his Revolutions."
James Hannam, "Medieval Science, the Church and Universities."
Brian W. Harrison, "Bomb-Shelter Theology," Living Tradition (May 1994).
Otto J. Helweg, "Scientific Facts and Christian Faith: How Are They Compatible?," USA Today, March 1997.
Stanley L. Jaki, "Science: From the Womb of Religion" (PDF).
Pope John Paul II, "Truth Cannot Contradict Truth: Address to the Pontifical Academy of Sciences" (October 22, 1996).
Donald H. Kobe, "Luther and Science."
Robert C. Koons, "Science and Theism: Concord, not Conflict" (PDF).
Erwin Laszlo, "A Meeting Place for Religion and Science," Huffington Post, 22 June 2010.
Arnold V. Lesikar, "Some of Einstein's Writings on Science and Religion."
Barton Paul Levenson, "How Christianity Created Modern Science."
David C. Lindberg, "The Christian Face of the Scientific Revolution: Christian History Interview - Natural Adversaries?"
David C. Lindberg and Ronald L. Numbers, "Beyond War and Peace: A Reappraisal of the Encounter between Christianity and Science," Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith 39.3:140-149 (September 1987).
Jacques Maritain, "God and Science."
John F. McCarthy, "Not the Real Genesis 1," Living Tradition (March 1994).
John F. McCarthy, "The Myth of the Self-Made Universe," Living Tradition (March 2006).
Sara Joan Miles, "From Being to Becoming: Science and Theology in the Eighteenth Century," Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith, 43 (December 1991).
J. P. Moreland, "Complementarity, Agency Theory, and the God-of-the-Gaps," Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith 49 (March 1997).
J. P. Moreland, "Is Science a Help or Threat to Faith?"
George L. Murphy, "Possible Influences of Biblical Beliefs Upon Physics," Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith 48:2 (June 1996).
George L. Murphy, "Reading God's Two Books" (PDF), Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith 58 (March 2006).
Paul Newall, "The Galileo Affair" (+ parts two / three / four / five; 2005).
Paul Newall, "Galilean Myths."
Robert C. O'Connor, "Science on Trial: Exploring the Rationality of Methodological Naturalism," Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith 49 (March 1997).
Ted Peters, "Theology and Science: Where Are We?"
The Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life, "Religion and Science: Conflict or Harmony?" (4 May 2009).
The Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life, "Scientists and Belief" (5 November 2009).
Alvin Plantinga, "Religion and Science," Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Alvin Plantinga, "Methodological Naturalism?," Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith 49 (September 1997).
John Polkinghorne, "Religion in an Age of Science."
John Polkinghorne, "God's Action in the World."
Bernard Ramm, "The Bible and Science: The Relation of Science, Factual Statements and the Doctrine of Biblical Inerrancy," Journal of the American Scientific Affiliation, 21 (December 1969).
Colin Russel, "Without a Memory," Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith, 45 (March 1993).
Jeffrey Burton Russell, "The Myth of the Flat Earth" (1997).
Carolyn Scearce, "Adelard's Questions and Ockham's Razor: Connections Between Medieval Philosophy and Modern Science."
Henry F. Schaefer III, "Stephen Hawking, The Big Bang, and God."
Robert J. Schneider, "Does the Bible Teach a Spherical Earth?," Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith, 53 (September 2001).
Paul Seely, "Reading Modern Science Into Scripture" (PDF), Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith, 59 (March 2007).
Eric V. Snow, "Christianity: A Cause of Modern Science?".
Joseph L. Spradley, "Changing Views of Science and Scripture: Bernard Ramm and the ASA."
Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, "Medieval Theories of Causation."
Rodney Stark, "Catholicism and Science" (PDF).
Rodney Stark, "False Conflict: Christianity is Not Only Compatible With Science--It Created It" (PDF).
Rodney Stark, "How Christianity (and Capitalism) Led to Science" (PDF)
G. Tanzella-Nitti, "The Two Books Prior to the Scientific Revolution" (PDF), Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith, 57 (2005).
Paul Theerman, "James Clerk Maxwell and Religion," American Journal of Physics (April 1986).
Dick Tripp, "The Complementary Nature of Science and Christianity".
Wikipedia, "Age of the Earth."
Wikipedia, "Byzantine Science."
Wikipedia, "Catholic Church and Science."
Wikipedia, "Christianity and Science."
Wikipedia, "Flat Earth."
Wikipedia, "History of Astronomy."
Wikipedia, "History of Physics."
Wikipedia, "History of Science."
Wikipedia, "History of Scientific Method."
Wikipedia, "Philosophy and Science."
Wikipedia, "Relationship between religion and science."
Wikipedia, "Roman Catholicism and Science."
Wikipedia, "Science in the Middle Ages."
Wikipedia, "Scientific Revolution."
Wikipedia, "Spherical Earth."
Wikipedia, "Timeline of the History of Scientific Method."
Thomas E. Woods, Jr., "How the Catholic Church Built Western Civilization."
Ken Yeh, "Reclaiming the Christian Roots of Modern Science."
Lists and Overviews of Christian Scientists
Scientists of the Christian Faith -- Alphabetical Index (over 1600 Christian Scientists; compiled by J. P. Holding): [A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F] [G] [H] [I] [J] [K] [L] [M] [N] [O] [P-Q][R] [S] [T] [U-V][W] [X, Y, Z]
The Galileo Project: Catalog of the Scientific Community in the 16th and 17th Centuries
(collection of 631 detailed biographies, by Richard S. Wetstfall)
Scientists of the Christian Faith: From the Era of Galileo (522 scientists who were Christians: linked to The Galileo Project database)
Scientists and Their Gods (Henry F. Schaefer III)
Christian Influences in the Sciences (Dan Graves)
Fathers of Science (Matthew E. Bunson)
List of Jesuit Scientists (Wikipedia)
The 35 Lunar Craters Named to Honor Jesuit Scientists
Jesuits and the Sciences, 1540-1995
Adventures of Some Early Jesuit Scientists (Joseph F. MacDonnell, S. J.)
Jesuit Geometers (online book by Joseph F. MacDonnell, S. J.)
Seismology, The Jesuit Science
Roman Catholic Scientist-Clerics (Wikipedia)
Scientists of the Christian Faith: A Presentation of the Pioneers, Practitioners and Supporters of Modern Science (compiled by W. R. Miller)
Curricula: Science (Catholic Encyclopedia: links to relevant articles)
Archaeologists of the Christian Faith (W. R. Miller)
Science and Faith (many links; Arnold Neumaier)
List of Byzantine Scientists (Wikipedia)
Significant Scots: Scots Pioneers in Medicine: A Cornucopia of Pharmacopeia (George W. Rutler)
Internet Sources (Websites)
The Faraday Institute for Science and Religion
Christians in Science
Ian Ramsey Center for Science and Religion (Oxford)
The European Society for the Study of Science And Theology
Philosophy, Science, and Christianity (web page: Dave Armstrong)
Reasons to Believe (Dr. Hugh Ross)
The Technotheology Project (W. J. Laudeman)
Christian Faith and Science (Loren Haarsma)
Gifford Lectures (University of Edinburgh)
The Center for Theology and the Natural Sciences
Zygon Center for Religion and Science
John Templeton Foundation
Fellowship of Scientists
The Fellowship of Christian Optometrists
Christian Medical and Dental Associations
Association of Christians in the Mathematical Sciences
Christian Association of Stellar Explorers
The John Ray Initiative: connecting Environment, Science and Christianity
Society, Religion and Technology Project
The Society of Ordained Scientists
American Scientific Affiliation: A Fellowship of Christians in Science
The International Society for Science and Religion
Counterbalance: New Views on Complex Issues