Wednesday, July 21, 2010

"The Harvest is Ready": Advice and Tips Regarding Methods for Catholic Evangelism

By Dave Armstrong (7-21-10)

I wrote the following (by her request) to a zealous young Catholic lady who is a friend of my two oldest sons, and who is doing some street evangelism.

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I did a lot of street evangelism all through the 80s, at the Ann Arbor Art Fair. I was an evangelical Protestant then, but I did go once or twice as a Catholic in the early 90s. It was always a great time and opportunity for discussion about theology and God.

Short, catchy, colorful, "not too heavy" literature is definitely best for initial contact. The visual aspect is very important to make someone stop and have curiosity.

I would highly recommend the "cartoon tracts" that were mostly written by my friend Dan Grajek. I wrote the text for about six of them. They are available from Grotto Press. I would say, either those, or others from OSV would work. Both are short and catchy and can help to start conversations. Or you could design one of your own if you have someone who can draw, etc. Anything that will get people to stop and talk.

The first thing I always stress is that everyone is different. We must always try to see where they are coming from first, and then hone in on that place and go from there. This is what St. Paul did on Mars Hill in Athens: he acknowledged the truth he saw in the pagans there, commended them for it, and then built upon it in order to introduce the true God and the resurrection. Paul said "I have become all things to all men." I've always tried to follow that approach in my apologetics. And always we have to be charitable and pleasant about it.

People appreciate if you listen to them and their concerns. It's human nature. We're all like that. They would rather be listened to than preached at. If you gently ask "probing" questions in a low-key, non-pushy, non-threatening way, a certain number of people will talk and even open up. It'll always be a small minority of the whole, but you will find some. I'm sure that has been your experience so far, right?

If you don't know something, don't try to pretend that you do. People admire it if we don't have an answer to everything, because they know that nobody does, and they resent "know-it-all" types. That's the negative stereotype of Christians and especially those who evangelize. We have to defeat and overcome that image. You can always say, "I don't know, but I can study that if you like and get back to you, or direct you to Internet pages where an answer is given."

I also try to avoid all "canned" presentations and like to be informal and spontaneous. This ties in to meeting people where they are at. No one presentation works for everyone. I never liked the "four spiritual laws" thing even when I was a Protestant. Too canned, too contrived, too formulaic (even though it had a lot of truth in it and was not a bad thing at all).

Always stress the Bible with Protestants, and don't quote Catholic sources because it will mean little to them. Find something that is held in common (love of the Bible, trinitarianism, etc.), to show them that you are "a real Christian," and then you can slowly get into Protestant-Catholic differences.

With Catholics, often they will have some beef with the Church or big misunderstanding, and that is where you start in the conversation: address their biggest concerns. If they are nominal Catholics who know little, try to sense if you can what will spark their interest and go there.

With those who know nothing at all about theology, keep it basic (the gospel of salvation) and don't get into "Catholic stuff" yet because that has to come later.

Start slow with "heavy" theology and let the other person determine where the conversation will go and deal with their concerns.

Don't let (certain sorts of) people take you down a hundred different rabbit trails. Insist on covering one topic at a time before jumping into another. This is extremely important. Oftentimes, people use that technique when they want to merely quarrel and wrangle rather than seek truth and hear the whole reasoning for something. Atheists are notorious in doing this. Get them on one subject and do your best.

Pray before you go, pray for each other, and pray while you are there: that God will give you the right words to say at the right time, and in the right manner, for any given person. This can't be emphasized enough. You might want to fast and do some form of penance, too, the day before.

Have Internet sites and/or books that you can recommend to people who want to pursue it, and have contact info. for you (phone numbers or e-mails or Facebook pages, etc.) that you can hand out. Business cards work well for this purpose. That's supremely important, too, as a follow-up.

Know that ultimately it is the Holy Spirit Who will melt cold hearts and cause someone to positively respond. It is never ever merely because of apologetics. It's a supernatural work of grace. Our job is to simply be there as God's vessel: to "remove the roadblocks." But only God can move a person's heart. It's like the old saying, "you can lead a horse to water but you can't force it to drink." In a way that is very good for us because we don't have to shoulder that burden and worry about it. We just share in the best way we can and let God move in hearts that He has already opened: ones where "the harvest is ripe."

Again, I want to stress to the utmost that the message and method has to be specific to the person. It can't be "canned" (like a lecture). We have to meet people where they are at. The handout is what it is, but once we start talking we must approach it according to the perceived needs and wants of this one person. They'll appreciate that, and it will foster deeper discussion.

That's about all I can think of at the moment. I hope it was helpful. I wish you and your friends the very best and God's blessings as you go out and do this important work. I admire your zeal and willingness to advance the kingdom by sharing on the streets. Praise God that He gave you this desire! He will work through you, for sure. "The laborers are few."

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For related reading, see an excellent collection of articles on Catholic evangelization at the Christlife website and "12 painless Ways to Evangelize" (Catholic Answers).


Christopher said...

Dave, if you had to recommend one paper or booklet to leave on a bus randomly for someone to read, what would it be? I know you recommended those two websites, but they offer several mini booklets on various topics but not one that's more inclusive of several points....

Probably the best Catholic vs. Protestant one is "Pillar of Fire, Pillar of Truth" that I've seen. However it doesn't address why believing in God is a good thing in the first place let alone being Catholic.

What's a good booklet which might address briefly some of the questions that secular people may have....? Thanks

Dave Armstrong said...

Good question! I never thought about that, in terms of an atheist tract. I don't know if there is one that would be effective for that purpose. Perhaps Peter Kreeft has something of that sort. He could pull it off in anyone could.

I do recall now that IVP used to have some small booklets (dunno if they still do). I would recommend those, as they try to deal with all sorts of issues.

Billy Bean said...

Dave: Thanks for your great work. I hope to return to the catholic Church soon (via hedonistic agnoticism, Protestantism, and Eastern Orthodoxy). Your great apologetics and undying goodwill toward your Eastern Orthodox (and, for that matter, Protestant) brethren have been a great encouragement. Please pray for me and my family. Thank you again!

Dave Armstrong said...

I'm delighted to hear it, Billy. Thanks for your very kind words, and I'll remember you in prayer.

Maroun said...

Hi Dave and everyone else.
I just came back from vacation,i was in Lebanon,and i am maronite.
Now Dave,while i was in Lebanon , i spoke with a couple of bishops,and i suggested to them and asked them,why dont we open a library in Lebanon for the christians overthere , so that anyone could go and read and lend books from it?they loved the idea,and so we have already began looking and searching on how to do it...The reason why i am telling you this,is because i need your advice on something do know of course that as catholics,we already have many many many great and fantastic things written by the church fathers and church doctors and councils of the church on the internet.And also the writings of many many saints.So this is already something which we have.But for now,what we dont have in Lebanon yet,are many books of some great theologians and apologetics and so on of the last 2 centuries.Now i already have some names which i humbly ask you to check,and then if you could plz suggest some more names,i ssure would appreciate it?
Hans Urs Von Balthasar
Henri de Lubac
Jean Danielou
Adrienne Von Speyr
Fulton Sheen
John Corapi
Dave Armstrong of course
Scott Hann
Joseph Ratzinger
Hilaire Belloc
Fr. Josemaria Escriva
Pope John Paul II
Edith Stein
Patrick Madrid
Karl Keating
Peter Kreeft
Fr. Dennis Fahey
Thank you in advance and GBU

Maroun said...

Hi Dave.
Sorry,i forgot the name Romano Guardini.

Dave Armstrong said...

Hi Maroun,

Those sound good to me. You can see the authors I like in the following papers of mine:

Recommended Catholic Books

Top 50 Recommendations for Catholic Apologetics Books

Recommended Catholic Scholarly Works on Tradition, Soteriology, and the Eucharist

Recommended Books For New or Prospective Catholic Converts

Recommended Books For Catholic Teens and Young People

The Most Influential and Meaningful Books In My Life

Desert Island Top Ten Catholic Books List

Maroun said...

Thank you very very much Dave and GBU

Maroun said...

Hi again Dave.
I have read already the first 2 chapters of Karl Adam`s book,the spirit of catholicism , which you suggested i should read....Wow wow wow , i love it.Thank you very very much

Dave Armstrong said...

That's one of the best!

Tiber Jumper said...

Speaking of tracts to help evangelize
have you heard of a CathoChick Trac?
( sorry for the shameless self promotion here)

Dave Armstrong said...

Excellent! Good work there. Turn those tables!