Tuesday, April 29, 2008

"Work Out Your Own Salvation With Fear and Trembling" (Philippians 2:12): Does It Harmonize With Protestant Soteriology? (vs. Ken Temple)



St. Paul compares the process of eschatological salvation to the running of a race


Baptist pastor Ken Temple is a regular on my blog. His words will be in blue. I used this passage in a paper demonstrating synergism and human cooperation with the distribution of salvation and grace.

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Philippians 2:12b-13 (RSV) . . . work out your own salvation with fear and trembling; for God is at work in you, both to will and to work for his good pleasure.

My original (non-satirical) comment about the passage in the other paper was: "If someone says that God is mentioned in the second part, the Calvinist 'monergist' still has to explain how a human being can participate at all in what only God can do (according go the monergist)."

Venerable John Henry Cardinal Newman wrote, concerning this passage:
In truth, the two doctrines of the sovereign and overruling power of Divine grace, and man's power of resistance, need not at all interfere with each other. They lie in different provinces, and are (as it were) incommensurables. Thus St. Paul evidently accounted them; else he could not have introduced the text in question with the exhortation, Work out or accomplish your own salvation with fear and trembling, for it is God which worketh or acts in you. So far was he from thinking man's distinct working inconsistent with God's continual aiding, that he assigns the knowledge of the latter as an encouragement to the former . . . It is quite certain that a modern Predestinarian never could have written such a sentence [as Philippians 2:12-13].

(Sermon: "Human Responsibility," 1835 [his Anglican period] )
This verse says, "work out your salvation", not "work for your salvation".

Of course. I never claimed otherwise. When I implied this it was a use of sarcasm, according to the purpose of reductio ad absurdum in the previous paper (that is, not something I actually believe; I was making fun -- with my notorious dry wit -- of what many Protestants mistakenly think Catholics believe).

Work it out, what God has put in you; make it manifest by obedience, because God is in you.

No problem with that. I only object to the insinuation that this process has nothing to do with salvation. It clearly does, because Paul uses the word "salvation." What could be more clear than that? One can read in theological presuppositions if they wish, but that is eisegesis, and not the way to properly interpret Holy Scripture.

Monergism is only passive at the beginning point of regeneration. After that you make real choices because the heart has been set free. Monergism is not talking about sanctification. It is not passive once the heart and soul are regenerated. You still believe and choose and have to strive for holiness, etc. You make real choices. You believe; only because God first awakens the heart, makes the heart alive, (Ephesians 2:1-4), opens the heart (Acts 16:14) shines the light (2 Cor. 4:5).

I understand all that. My recent post detailing Luther's true teaching about the necessity of good works proves this. Again, your mistake lies in relegating this passage to sanctification, when that is not what the text says. Your position holds that sanctification has nothing formally, directly to do with salvation. But the text uses the word "salvation"; therefore, your position that it is about sanctification rather than salvation is utterly incoherent.

We are co-laborers with Christ. I Cor. 3:9 Monergism does not preclude our choices and will and actions and deeds and efforts in sanctification in manifesting the reality of salvation that God works in the heart, both to will and to work His pleasure. Again, monergism is only about the fact that God alone regenerates at the beginning because the soul is dead; like a dead battery. "you were dead in your trespasses and sins." Ephesians 2:1

No need to reiterate this. I understand it. But it is helpful to readers who are unacquainted with the Calvinist position.

Once God makes your heart alive, you must choose to obey and He give you the power and motivation to do that.

Indeed.

See Ezekiel 36:26 also, When God takes the stoney heart out and replaces it with a new soft pliable heart; then He causes them to walk in His statutes.

That's right.

The only problem, Ken, is that the verse does not separate sanctification and justification, as Protestants arbitrarily do. It is saying, rather, that we have the salvation and we also have to "work it out."

If we didn't have the salvation in some sense (we would call it regeneration or initial justification), then we wouldn't be able to "work it out." On the other hand, If we have it and we are working it out, then it is impossible to separate this "working" from salvation itself and put it into a little neat airtight compartment called "sanctification." And it is impossible to act as if the salvation was already obtained in one instant of justification, and thus assured forevermore. The Bible has a word for sanctification that could easily have been used here if indeed that is what Paul actually meant. He uses the other word himself, elsewhere.

If you're working out salvation, then obviously, the "working out" has to do directly with the salvation. According to your theology, the verse ought to say:
Work out your sanctification, in which you are grateful to God for your salvation and justification.

(RFB: Revised Fundamentalist Version)
But of course it does not. So in order to avoid the implications you have to play with the text and eisegete, and force it into an unbiblical Protestant soteriology. And this is only one of many many such passages.

Moreover, if this is merely the usual Protestant scenario of "doing good works in obedience and gratefulness for the justification already obtained by God's free gift of grace and imputed justification" then for what reason is the person "in fear and trembling"? What is he afraid of, or worried about, or vigilant to obtain? If you're simply doing good deeds to show God how much you love and thank Him for the irrevocable past gift of salvation, that you are absolutely sure you have already, why would you be scared and trembling?

It makes no sense; no more than would the analogy of a child who pleases his mother or father by washing the car or doing the dishes doing so in fear and trembling. Not at all. There is nothing to fear! The child is in fear and trembling when he or she fears being punished or displeasing parents, not when doing something nice for them, in love.

I think it is rather obvious, then, that Paul is teaching a vigilance in staying in a state of grace with God, lest we fall out of it (precisely as Catholics -- and to a large extent, Protestant Arminians -- hold). That is more than enough cause for "fear and trembling." Hence, Paul writes, along the same lines:

1 Corinthians 9:24-27 Do you not know that in a race all the runners compete, but only one receives the prize? So run that you may obtain it. Every athlete exercises self-control in all things. They do it to receive a perishable wreath, but we an imperishable. Well, I do not run aimlessly, I do not box as one beating the air; but I pommel my body and subdue it, lest after preaching to others I myself should be disqualified.

1 Corinthians 10:7-12 Do not be idolaters as some of them were; as it is written, "The people sat down to eat and drink and rose up to dance." We must not indulge in immorality as some of them did, and twenty-three thousand fell in a single day. We must not put the Lord to the test, as some of them did and were destroyed by serpents; nor grumble, as some of them did and were destroyed by the Destroyer. Now these things happened to them as a warning, but they were written down for our instruction, upon whom the end of the ages has come. Therefore let any one who thinks that he stands take heed lest he fall.

Galatians 5:1,4-7 For freedom Christ has set us free; stand fast therefore, and do not submit again to a yoke of slavery. . . . You are severed from Christ, you who would be justified by the law; you have fallen away from grace. For through the Spirit, by faith, we wait for the hope of righteousness. For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision nor uncircumcision is of any avail, but faith working through love. You were running well; who hindered you from obeying the truth?

Philippians 3:8-17 Indeed I count everything as loss because of the surpassing worth of knowing Christ Jesus my Lord. For his sake I have suffered the loss of all things, and count them as refuse, in order that I may gain Christ and be found in him, not having a righteousness of my own, based on law, but that which is through faith in Christ, the righteousness from God that depends on faith; that I may know him and the power of his resurrection, and may share his sufferings, becoming like him in his death, that if possible I may attain the resurrection from the dead. Not that I have already obtained this or am already perfect; but I press on to make it my own, because Christ Jesus has made me his own. Brethren, I do not consider that I have made it my own; but one thing I do, forgetting what lies behind and straining forward to what lies ahead, I press on toward the goal for the prize of the upward call of God in Christ Jesus. Let those of us who are mature be thus minded; and if in anything you are otherwise minded, God will reveal that also to you. Only let us hold true to what we have attained. Brethren, join in imitating me, and mark those who so live as you have an example in us.

Colossians 1:21-23 And you, who once were estranged and hostile in mind, doing evil deeds, he has now reconciled in his body of flesh by his death, in order to present you holy and blameless and irreproachable before him, provided that you continue in the faith, stable and steadfast, not shifting from the hope of the gospel which you heard, . . .

1 Timothy 4:1
Now the Spirit expressly says that in later times some will depart from the faith by giving heed to deceitful spirits and doctrines of demons,

1 Timothy 4:16 Take heed to yourself and to your teaching; hold to that, for by so doing you will save both yourself and your hearers.

1 Timothy 5:15 For some have already strayed after Satan.

8 comments:

Randy said...

I'm a bit confused by the fact that Mr. Temple seemed to just fade away in this discussion. Have I missed something or did he simply cease to reply?

Adomnan said...

The word translated "work out" in Philippians 2:12 is "katergazesthe," but it really means "earn, acquire by labor." It never means "work out" (as in "work out a problem" or "work out = exercise").

Maybe "work out" meant "earn" in early 17th-century English when the King James Version was translated. I don't know. But the phrase doesn't mean "earn" nowadays, and should not be used to translate katergazesthe. It's misleading. A straightforward translation of the verse into modern English would be "Earn your salvation in fear and trembling."

Yes, Paul told the Philippians to earn their salvation, purely and simply. He was unaware of the claim that salvation can't be earned.

And whenever some Protestant says that salvation can't be earned, I'd tell him: Paul disagrees with you. See Phil 2:12. As a Bible-believing Christian, I'll stick with what Paul wrote and "work out" my soteriology with that in mind.

Dave Armstrong said...

Hi Randy,

I don't recall. Usually Ken goes on and on forever, repeating himself ad nauseum, rather than split.

Ken said...

You both seem to be saying that I either have to go on and on; or if I don't; then I don't have an argument; either way I loose in your estimation.

I cannot control that; so I am not worried.

I was too busy to keep up the arguments. (or soon after that I got banned for a while. smile)

The answers are out there if anyone is willing to study and research. Some of these you have had some "debating" with, and discussion.

www.desiringGod.org
www.monergism.org
www.aomin.org
www.gty.org
www.ligonier.org
http://thegospelcoalition.org/blogs/justintaylor/
www.enjoyinggodministries.com/
http://turretinfan.blogspot.com/

Dave Armstrong said...

You both seem to be saying that I either have to go on and on; or if I don't; then I don't have an argument

No; I'm saying you have a losing argument whether you go on and on or not. When you are arguing for a lost cause, it's always that way. The argument can't rise above the lousy case that one is making, based on falsehood.

Randy said...

Mr. Temple,

I asked my question out of a sincere interest in both sides of the topic and was simply curious as to why you had ceased responding. That's all.

I don't think that you have to "go on and on" or that if you don't, then you "don't have an argument".

I appreciate your responses as much as I appreciate Mr. Armstrong's.

In the grace and peace of Christ.
Randy

Dave Armstrong said...

Hi Randy,

Ken has always argued here in spurts, according to how much time he has on hand. That is probably the explanation for why he may not be active for a while, more than anything else.

He mentioned that recently, that he found a little bit of time, and so he came to dispute some points.

But when he does have time, watch out! Few people can match his output. :-)

matalorian said...

Amid fear and trembling of yourselves salvation is being accomplished..for it is Gods work in you both to want and to act out His good pleasure.